Panama has a large number of logistics assets providing logistics support to national and international markets. In 2016, the seaport cluster at both entrances of the canal handled over 6.3 million of teus through the most important shipping lines. The air transportation platform has been developing during the last few years, where many industry players have established large scale operations by using Tocumen International Airport as a hub for passengers and cargo. Many expansion projects are under construction to expand even more the network of airports for international and domestic services.
Colon Free Zone and Panama Pacifico Area are two examples of special economic zones dedicated to merchandise reexporting and promoting high-tech activities leveraging the transport connectivity to other countries and a variety of fiscal, migratory and labor benefits.
These logistics nodes interact among them and facilitate the flow of goods and passengers by using the existing local network that includes a railroad and a road and highway system.
The logistics assets are initially categorized in few groups: seaports, airports, special economic zones, logistics parks and railroad.