Load Movement Process

Imports and Exports General Processes

Panama import and export involves public and private sector.  Below are the steps to be followed to export and import from/to Panama.

-Imports-
Step Description
1 Receive a bill from a forwarding agent.
2 Receives bill of lading/way bill.
3 Documentation is given to a custom broker.
4 The custom broker classifies the bill by tariffs, because a bill can have different products under different custom tariffs.
5 The duties are paid according to the tariffs that would be the CIF value of the products.
 
-Exports-
Step Description
1 The exporter should give a commercial bill which demonstrates a sale and exit of the product.
2 The exporter should request a reservation with a shipping line or freight agency that backs up the exit date and mode of transport that will be used for the export of the product.
3 Once the reservation is done, the exporter should give the reservation number with the commercial bill of the exportation to a customs broker, and then the broker should manage the duty payments in the VICOMEX (Unique window for exports).
4 After the duties are paid, the delivery of the merchandise is done in the place that is going to be consolidated in the case of bulk cargo, in case of a single vessel, it could be picked up in the port or selected site to take it to the warehouse and load the merchandize.
5 As soon as vessel is full, a trucker takes the bill, liquidation of exportation so the vessel can access pass the border.
6 The exporter should send via courier the original bills to the customer. 
7 In case that the Bill of Lading/Road Waybill is printed in Panama then it should also be sent via courier, but if the Bill of Lading/Road Waybill was created in the destination then only the original bill needs to be send via courier.
8 The trucker should return to the client the original bill and liquidation documents.
 

Freight Movement

The following tables describe the documents and equipment regulations needed to move freight within Panama and internationally.

Ground Freight Transportation

Type of Movements Required Documentation Required equipment for all vehicles within Panamanian Territory
Internal movements
  • License type F or G
  • License plate
  • Weight and dimensions card
  • Vehicle insurance
  • Goods insurance
  • Commercial bill

 

1. One lift capable of raising one vehicle

 

2. Tools to replace a tire

 

3. Spare tire

 

4. Fire extinguisher type BC

 

5. Two cues to block the vehicle

 

6. Basic tools for emergency repairs

 

7. Reflective security triangle


 

Bond to Bond movements
  • License type F or G
  • License plate
  • Weight and dimensions card
  • SIGA
  • Vehicle insurance
  • Goods insurance
Long-haul movements
  • License type F or G
  • License plate
  • Weight and dimensions card
  • Vehicle insurance
  • Goods insurance
  • TIM (International Transit of Merchandise)
  • DUT (Unified Transit Declaration)

Requirements to Cross Borders

Country Requirement
Electronic Guide Insurance Fumigation Vehicle Record Vehicle History of Use Driver's License Carrier ID Road Waybill Manifest Invoice Narcotic Revision
Costa Rica

×

× (1) × (2) × × × × × × ×  
Nicaragua × × (3) × (4) × × × × × × × × (5)
Honduras ×     × × × × × × ×  
Guatemala ×     × × × × × × ×
 
El Salvador ×     × × × × × × ×
 
Notes:
  • Costa Rica

       (1) Insurance Cost: $18.00

       (2) Fumigation Cost: $8.00

  • ​Nicaragua

       (3) Insurance Cost: $12.00

       (4) Fumigation Cost: $7.00

       (5) Narcotic Revision Cost: $30.00 to $100.00 plus container seal

Circulation Requirements

In order to move freight, the Panamanian laws establish a number of documents required for circulation. There are two governmental entities involved in the process of obtaining the documentation, the Transit and Ground Transportation Authority (ATTT) and the City Hall. The documentation and process required are compiled in the following table.

 

1. Driver License - ATTT

Type Use Requirements Examinations Renovation requirements

F

Trucks over 8 tons
  • Two year experience with a license type C or D
  • Less than thirty five infringement points acquired within the two years before the request
  • Training course given by the Transit and Ground Transportation Authority or an authorized agent, in which the applicant is credited the ability to drive the vehicle
  • Negative results on drug test
  • Certificate for good mental and physical health
  • Auditory exam
  • Vision examination
  • Written exam
  • Driver exam

 

  • Auditory exam
  • Vision examination
  • Negative results on drug test
  • Review of infringement history
G Combine Trucks
  • Two year experience with a license type F
  • Less than thirty five infringement points acquired within the two years before the request
  • Training course given by the Transit and Ground Transportation Authority (ATTT) or an authorized agent, in which the applicant is credited the ability to drive the vehicle
  • Negative results on drug test

 

2. Other Documentation

Document Type Requirement Content

 

 

Unique Record of Vehicle Ownership - ATTT

 

 

Written Record

 

 

  • Vehicle inspection by Transit and Ground Transportation Authority (ATTT) or an authorized agent
  • Vehicle inscription on National Section of Unique Record of Vehicle Ownership of ATTT
  1. Manufacturer's Vehicle Identification Number
  2. Description: Brand, model, type, year of production, color, manufacturer's name, passenger capacity
  3. Characteristics: Engine number, chassis number, type of fuel use, type of traction, bearing capacity, tonnage
  4. Provenance: Previous owner or dealer's name, number of customs clearance, liens of legal restrictions
  5. Vehicle's Owner: First name, last name, nationality, marital status, personal identification number or company name

 

Unique and Final License Plate - City Hall 

 

 

Plate 

  • Vehicular InspectionCertificate
  • Certificate of Unique Record of Vehicle Ownership
  • City hall certificate of no debt
  • ATTT certificate of no debt
  • Payment of the national circulation tax 

       1. Vehicle unique identification number

 

 

Weight and Dimension Permit - ATTT

 

 

-

  • $2.00 for permit payment
  • Certificate of no debt by ATTT
  • Brief requesting the permit with $4.00 in stamps.  Not required for renovations
  • Expected two days for permit delivery
  1. Vehicle Characteristics
  2. Weight allowed by law
  3. Dimension allowed by law

Documentation Description

The following table shows the instructions to fill the documents needed to move freight and their explanation.

Document Documentation used to fill the form Description
SIGA
  • Subscription to SIGA
  • Bill of Lading or Manifest
  • Commercial Movement Declaration

Required for transportation between bonds within Panama, it is a web portal that compiles the shipment information.  

Such information can be uploaded by the shipper if it is subscribed to SIGA portal or by a custom management enabler.

 

 

 

TIM (International Transit of Merchandise) & DUT(Unified Transit Declaration)

 

 

 

  • Subscription to TIM
  • Bill of Lading or Manifest
  • Commercial Movement Declaration

Required for transportation between bonds in Panama and bonds in Central America, the document compiles information about the shipment.

Each cargo vehicle requires one TIM.

Each cargo requires one DUT.  DUT is inserted within TIM, and can be one or several if consolidated cargo is transported.

Such information can be upload by the shipper if it is subscribe to SIGA portal or by a Custom management enabler

Sample Documents

Below are some examples of the documents required to move freight.

  1. Bill of Lading.pdf
  2. TIM.pdf
  3. Manifest.pdf
  4. CFZdoc.pdf